Cedi ranked Africa’s 14th best currency

According to Bloomberg, the Ghana cedi was ranked 14th among the league of African currencies last year despite an impressive run during the first half of 2021.

Notwithstanding the cedi’s performance for last year, the local currency was classified among currencies with the worst quote and spot returns.

The cedi, according to Bloomberg, lost 4.98% in value against the dollar in 2021 although data from other research institutions show a slightly lower decline in value of the local currency to the dollar.

However, in West Africa, the cedi placed third in terms of performance due an amalgamation of factors which include increasing cooperate demand for the dollar and the exit of some foreign investors from the country’s bond market putting pressure on the local currency in the last two months of the year.

Again importation of goods during the final part of the year by traders to sell during the Christmas period increased the demand for the dollar.

Despite a rebound in oil prices among others, the dollar inflows were not enough to stabilize the local currency.

Analysts are however uncertain about the outlook of the local currency going forward since the Bank of Ghana is expected to do more to stabilize it.

Meanwhile, on the African continent the Zambian kwacha was the best performing currency last year, followed by the Angolan kwanza and Mozambique’s metical.


Djibuotian Franc -0.11%8th
Congolese Franc -1.25%9th
Gambian Dalasi -1.92%10th
Kenyan Shilling -3.51%11th
Mauritian Rupee -4.03%12th
Rwandan Franc -4.52%13th
Ghana Cedi  -4.98%14th
Nigerian Naira  -5.02%15th
Malawian Kwacha  -5.34%16th
Botswana Pula  -7.68%17th
South African Rand   -7.72%18th
Sierra Leone Leone   -9.98%19th
Ethiopian Birr   -22.20%20th

Africa’s top currencies: cedi places 9th

In September 2021, the Ghana cedi slipped one place to the 9th position out of 15th top African currencies.

In August, the cedi was ranked 8th among Africa’s top currencies with a depreciation of 1.30% to the US dollar. This was after it had appreciated against the American ‘greenback’ in the first six months of this year.

The Namibian dollar however dislodged the local currency from the 8th position after an improved performance against the American currency in September 2021.

Cedi ends 2021 with 3.93% depreciation to dollar 

The Ghana cedi ended last year with a depreciation of a little above 9% on the retail market and 3.93% to the dollar on the interbank forex market.

This performance has been described as mixed by analysts and currency traders because of the spread between the retail and interbank market.

Secondly, the local currency until the second half of this year, had been appreciating against the American ‘greenback’.

In 2020, the local currency registered about 3.9% decline in value to the American dollar on the retail market.

Senior Currency Analyst at Databank Research, Courage Martey, says there is uncertainty of the outlook of the cedi, and that requires a further action from the Bank of Ghana to help stabilize the local currency.

“As we head into the year 2022 when our economy rebounds and imports also drives further demand for foreign currency, we might also experience further shocks. So in the end to mitigate these shocks, we must start to see increasing interest rates, particularly from the policy side to curb some of these pressures in addition to the Central Bank interventions”.

“So the outlook of the cedi on the back of the recent developments heading into 2022 is quiet uncertain. So really the Bank of Ghana will have to stand firm with its interest rate decisions and strategic interventions”, he explained.

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